Mental


Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)  is characterized by obsessions (thoughts) and compulsions (behavior). Some people only suffer from obsessive thoughts. An obsessive thought may be that you are afraid someone will break into your house. The compulsion that accompanies this thought may be that you repeatedly check if the door is locked.

 

There are several known case reports that suggest that THC may be effective against OCD. Also an animal study has been performed, which will be the focus for this article. The effect of CBD on OCD has not been studied, as far as we know, but we will discuss this nonetheless.

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Per year 4 to 10% of the Western population suffers from depression. As many as 15 to 17% of the western population has had a depression in his or her lifetime. Depression is a mood disorder and is characterized by abnormal feelings of sadness and lethargy, loss of interest and an inability to experience joy. These symptoms must be present for a considerable time to diagnose a depression [1].

 

The cannabinoid THC is known to give the user a sense of relaxation. In addition, THC can improve mood and provoke feelings of euphoria. Probably this is the reason that cannabis is considered as a remedy for depression (THC is one of the two main constituents of cannabis, CBD being the other one). In this article we will discuss the scientific literature on this subject

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Autism


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The brains of people who have autism process information in a different way. Because of this, people with autism often have a good eye for detail, they are honest, analytical and hardworking. On the other hand, they often have difficulty with social contact, have trouble keeping oversight and can restrict themselves to a limited set of interests and activities. Obviously, these characteristics differ from person to person.

 

There is no treatment or drug that can cure autism. Treatment is often focused on coping with the difficulties that may be associated with autism. Medication is often only prescribed if a patient has symptoms of extreme anxiety, self-harm, depression, compulsive or aggressive behavior [1].

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Without a doubt, alcohol is the most common and socially accepted drug out there. Most people can keep their use of alcohol within healthy boundaries, but there is still a significant group of people that do get into trouble due to alcohol. Officially this is called a “disorder in the use of alcohol”, but more often this is referred to as alcohol addiction or alcoholism. This may be accompanied by all kinds of social problems, but also with severe physical (withdrawal) symptoms such as trembling, sweating, hallucinations and (epileptic) seizures [1]. Especially for the most dependent drinkers cannabinoids might offer a solution.

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ADHD


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ADHD is short for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is diagnosed much more often in recent years, in children, but also in adults. Complaints from people with ADHD include: concentration problems, hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. When these symptoms cause problems in daily functioning, for instance at school, at work or in relationships with others, ADHD can be diagnosed. Just as the diagnosis itself, the medication that is prescribed for ADHD is controversial. Ritalin, Concerta and dexamphetamine are molecularly related to amphetamine, an illegal drug. Many people are hesitant using this medication or giving it to their children.

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In 1993 Zuardi and colleagues performed one of the first studies on the anti-anxiety effects of CBD [1]. In this study, subjects had to give a speech while they were filmed. Subjects who had received CBD experienced significantly less anxiety while doing this. An additional advantage was that CBD had no anesthetic effect, in contrast to diazepam (a traditional anxiety inhibitor, which was also examined in this study).

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