In addition to numerous other ingredients, including cannabinoids and terpenes, twenty flavonoids have been identified in cannabis plants. Flavonoids are not only found in cannabis plants, but also in many fruits, vegetables, seeds, medicinal herbs, tea and wine .
Flavonoids are pigments and often cause the (bright) color of fruit, vegetables and flowers. In addition to this, they play a role in the metabolism of plants and help to regulate the growth of the plant. Like terpenes, they also spread a particular scent . We know that the flavonoids named Quercetin, Apigenin and Cannaflavin A have certain therapeutic effects, as they are anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and have an analgesic effect. In addition to this, it is suspected that they contribute to the prevention of cancer .
Any other components in addition to flavonoids?
The answer to this question is yes, cannabis still contains other components in addition to the ones we’ve already covered on this site. Substances like glycoproteins, alkaloids and phytosterols are three of them. These may sound unfamiliar, but just like cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes, they are under suspicion of having certain therapeutic effects as well .
Finally, we know that there are even more elements in cannabis plants that are still waiting to even be identified. Future research will have to complete the full cannabis picture, in all its diversity. For now, there still is a lot to be discovered about this plant that seems to keep surprising us.
- Website: Wikipedia
- Website: Fundacion Canna
- Pertwee, R.G. (2014). Handbook on cannabis. Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Not available online.